Microdermabrasion at home

Microdermabrasion is a process that uses minute exfoliating crystals sprayed onto the skin. It gently exfoliates and removes the top layer of dead skin cells to reveal the new, healthy skin. As the upper layer of skin is removed, creams, lotions and moisturizers get absorbed more easily, and hence become much more effective after treatment. This is a painless, low-risk skin treatment procedure made to enhance your beauty.

After treatment with microdermabrasion, the skin becomes pink, but gets back to normal within 24 hours. It doesn't require anesthetics or surgery. Microdermabrasion works on all skin colors and types, and it does not cause any scarring or change in skin color. But it is not much effective for deep-skin problems such as scars, deep acne scars, stretch marks, or wrinkles.

Earlier, microdermabrasion was only available as a lavish treatment for a steep price. Now, it has become more affordable and available with kits, scrubs and creams, but the question is how safe they are to use it at home.

Dermabrasion is a similar process done by a dermatologist or plastic surgeon to make way for a new, smoother layer of skin to replace the layer of skin being treated. Dermabrasion is a harsher process compared to Microdermabrasion, and requires more stay at the clinic or hospital. Dermabrasion was developed to treat scars made by pox, acne, disease or accidents. This process works well for people with fair skin, but may result in scarring or discoloration for people with darker skin.

Microdermabrasion

"Micro" here means the microscopic aluminum oxide crystals used to create friction, and "Abrasion" means "erosion by friction".

The process of microdermabrasion induces friction between the skin and the crystals as they run against each other. Derma refers to the skin.

So we can understand that it is a nonsurgical process which removes the outermost layer of the skin, leaving behind fresh layer. It reduces the effects of scars, discoloration and sunburn.

One word of caution here is protecting your eyes during treatment. If the crystals get into unprotected eyes, it will result in the irritation of the eyes. Patients on isotretinoin (Accutane) should avoid this treatment.

When to consider microdermabrasion?

• To correct fine lines , acne scars (not deep ones) and sun damage
• To have a healthy glow, brighten the skin
• To maintain healthy, clear skin
• To open up clogged pores (that may otherwise lead to blackheads and/or whiteheads)


How microdermabrasion is performed?

At the dermatologist's place: The exfoliating crystals are applied upon the face with a handheld device that removes the dead skin cells; sometimes a diamond tipped wand is used for the procedure. For maximum effectiveness, multiple sessions and maintenance treatments are needed.

Microdermabration at home: This consists of kits priced at almost $50 containing an abrasive cream or scrub, and an battery powered applicator. The output of microdermabrasion at home may not yield the same effective results when done at a dermatologist's place, but it can be good for people with delicate skin, as it is not as harsh as professional microdermabrasion, which can cause inflammation. Microdermabrasion products can be applied on the face, neck, chest and the hands.
Microdermabrasion products meant to be used at home are usually meant for people with sensitive skin, and also, it is not something to be used on a daily basis.

Microdermabrasion crystals are available that exfoliate the skin which gives you the freedom to perform your own microdermabrasion at home. These crystals can simply be added to creams and cleansers to create mild exfoliating products for home use. This is great for scar, acne, fine lines, wrinkles, dry skin, blackheads and age spots; or you can simply try it to exfoliate for a softer, smoother and brighter skin.

For people who can afford investing in microdermabrasion machines, it can cost up to 100s of dollars. But using such machines at home can tempt the person to overuse it upon his or her skin leading to broken capillaries or irritation. So it is best to talk to the dermatologist before using such machines.

Cost of microdermabrasion

According to 2013 statistics from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, the average cost of microdermabrasion is $148 per session.

Home treatment creams come are cheaper costing about $10-$100, which provides about 20-30 treatments.

Care after treatment

Dermabrasion requires additional care after treatment. Alcohol is restricted for at least 48 hours. Products, medications containing aspirin or ibuprofen are also restricted for a week. Smoking must be reduced or quitted entirely.

Microdermabrasion restrictions are comparatively simple; apply moisturizer and sunscreen, and avoid sun exposure for a few days immediately after the procedure.


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