Lower Stomach Pain Information and Causes

Almost everyone experiences abdominal pain at some time in their life; a condition that is usually not very uncommon. But lower stomach pain should not be ignored if occurring continuously or if it shows certain symptoms that can prove damaging.

Causes of lower stomach pain

The body of a man and woman is similar, but also different in many aspects. Hence, symptoms can arise from a cause that may affect only one gender.

The most common causes of lower stomach pain unless explicitly mentioned for a particular gender include:

1. Common bowel problems: Indigestion, constipation, food poisoning, flatulence, intestinal gas
2. IBS/IBD conditions: Ulcers, Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease
3. Food allergy: Allergy to any particular food, lactose intolerance
4. In women: UTI and menstrual cramps. Lower stomach pain is seen in many women during menstrual cycle.
5. Kidney stones and Gallstones
6. Medical condition like appendicitis, hernia, pelvic-inflammatory disease; ovarian cysts and endometriosis in women.
7. Colic or cholic: Pain starts and stops abruptly, occurs due to muscular contractions of a hollow tube in colon, ureter and gall bladder. Additional symptoms include vomiting and sweating.

Conditions that may need immediate attention are tetanus, abdominal aortic aneurysm, peritonitis and appendicitis.

A female body is much more complex than the male body. In women, pain can originate from the uterus (womb), fallopian tubes or ovaries. It is usually felt in the middle of the lower abdomen.


In general, the doctor would ask about the diet as common bowel problems is the most commonly suspected and treat symptomatically.

If there is bleeding in stools, tests for the colon is conducted, such as sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy.

Ultrasound, and pathology tests like urine sample analysis, are conducted if stone is suspected.

In women, doctor may examine vaginal discharge and urine test to check for UTI.

Lower Stomach Pain Treatments

Treatment completely depends upon the type of diagnosis.

If caused by common bowel problems, simple medications are given temporarily and dietary changes are advised, such as abstaining from certain allergic and fatty foods.

If pain arises from chronic IBS/IBD condition, medications including corticosteroids, immunosuppresives and other medications are prescribed.

For kidney and gallstones, treatment is carried out with lithotripsy (using sound or shock waves to break up stones), removal of stone with endoscope. Rarely, nephrolithotomy (open surgery) is performed.


Lower stomach pain can arise from many causes that may, or may not be life threatening. If the pain does not subside on its own, or recurs after certain periods of time, it is better to get examined with the doctor.

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