Levoscoliosis: What it is? Causes, Symptoms and TreatmentsScoliosis is a clinical condition where the normal curvature of the spine is altered and instead a part of the spine is curved to the side. The abnormal curvature of the spine to the left side is called levoscoliosis. In this article, we shall take a look at Levoscoliosis and its management in brief.
What is Levoscoliosis?Is a clinical condition where a part of the spine is abnormally curved to the left. It commonly affects the lumbar part of the spine (also called Lumbar Levoscoliosis) though it can also have an effect on the thoracic spine and as a result can have an impact on the heart and lungs i.e. the structures within the thoracic cage.
Causes of LevoscolisoisThere are no specific causes of Levoscoliosis, and the ones that do cause it are the ones that cause scoliosis in general. In many cases it is an abnormality that is present since birth that sometimes corrects itself. However, in conditions such as muscular dystrophy, can be rather significant enough to cause symptoms.
One feature unique to Levoscoliosis is that the presence of this condition in the thoracic spine is a strong indicator of the presence of a tumor of the spinal cord.
Symptoms of LevoscoliosisIn mild cases, patients may not experience any symptoms. However, in cases where the spine is significantly curved, patients can experience problems managing their day to day activities. This can include walking and bending down etc. Finding clothes that fit can also be difficult. Pain is an uncommon feature.
On examination, the spine is curved to the left. The opposite hip bone appears elevated as well. Patients may be slightly breathless due to the limited lung expansion within a narrowed thoracic cage.
DiagnosisDiagnosis can be clearly made from history and clinical examination. However, additional tests may be performed to assess the impact of Levoscoliosis further. X-ray of the spine can confirm the diagnosis, while a CT scan or MRI can help ascertain the impact it has on the internal organs. In addition, it can also help detect the presence of spinal tumors as well.
TreatmentMild cases may not require any specific treatment as they can get corrected themselves. However, if the deformity is obvious, then treatments will help, like the application of a scoliosis brace can help correct the posture. This is best applied during the growing years of the individual as it can help correct the posture.
Exercises cannot help prevent the progression of scoliosis, but can help maintain the strength of the muscles around the spine, and are therefore recommended.
In patients with very limited movement due to this condition and the presence of a spinal tumor, surgery with adjuvant treatment may be needed. Surgery may be performed from different approaches depending on what the surgeon thinks would have the best outcome.