Bladder stones information: causes, diagnosis, treatments and moreBladder stones The urinary bladder is a part of the body that stores urine and contracts to pass it out when required. However, it can get affected by certain disease pathologies and one such condition is bladder stones. In this article, we shall take a close look at this condition.
What are bladder stones?Bladder stones are a clinical condition in which small stones of different sizes may be formed within the urinary bladder. These stones can cause a small amount discomfort of the patient and can also obstruct the flow of urine out of the bladder.
What causes bladder stones?The most common cause of bladder stones is the inability of patients to completely empty the bladder when they pass urine. If one were to look at the normal physiology, the blood is filtered by the kidneys to produce urine which then passes through small tubes into the urinary bladder where it is stored. When patients wish to pass urine, the bladder contracts and urine is passed through the urethra. However, in certain conditions, there is incomplete emptying of bladder. The presence of urine within the bladder results in the formation of small crystals and clumps of chemicals which can eventually form stones.
In men, the most common cause is an enlarged prostate gland. Enlarged prostate gland can result in incomplete bladder emptying. Another condition that can cause bladder stones is in neurogenic bladder. In neurogenic bladder is one where the nerve fibers that control the contraction and relaxation of the bladder are not functioning properly. Neurogenic bladders can be seen in conditions such as spinal cord injury and motor neuron disease.
Other conditions that can cause bladder stones include diverticulae within the bladder (the formation of a small pouch within the wall of the bladder) and cystocoele (a condition in women where the bladder prolapses towards the vagina).